NEBOSH question paper | NEBOSH ig 1 question paper2020

NEBOSH IGc 1 question paper model : December 2020

SCENARIO  :

Over recent months large numbers of people, in almost every country in the world, have been affected by the spread of a virus. The situation has been categorised as a global pandemic and has led to national emergencies. Scientists discover more and more every day about how the virus works. However, the current understanding is that this virus is very easily transmitted through physical contact (between people and with contaminated surfaces) and breathing in respiratory droplets (mainly from coughing and sneezing but also from normal talking). In most cases, the virus leads to mild illness in the young, fit and healthy, but can cause severe illness and even death for others.

Official guidance on how to control the virus is also subject to change as the science evolves. The exact details can depend on which country you are in, and even which part of the country. But, at the current time, in your location, the primary control measures that are recommended against the spread of the virus are: keeping a physical distance between people (called ‘social distancing’); general hygiene measures (frequent hand washing or hand sanitising, and regular cleaning and decontamination of surfaces). Wearing face masks (that cover the mouth and nose) is also recommended in some circumstances, as an additional measure.

You are the Health and Safety Adviser for a medium-sized insurance company that has certification to an internationally recognised occupational health and safety management system standard (something which, over the years, has made the organisation more efficient and attracted some important corporate clients). You normally work in an office building but, in order to control the spread of the virus through physical contact, and protect people, you, and all other office workers, are following current government instructions to work from home. In addition, it is anticipated that being away from the busy office environment will reduce work-related incidents (near misses, accidents, illhealth, property damage) and any possible investigations, enforcement action and civil claims that would have arisen.

You have written a procedure and guidance on best practice for home working, including workstation set-up in a home-working environment. This guidance has been distributed to all workers. The organisation is making widespread use of technology to enable remote home working, including video-conferencing facilities for business meetings and client contacts.

The organisation is also concerned about the workers’ mental well-being during this new way of working. The management team have therefore asked each department to schedule short (30- minute) computer-based team meetings, at least on a weekly basis. The intention is to help workers maintain social contact with colleagues, but they are also a forum to raise concerns. Alternatively, one-to-one meetings can be arranged for those reluctant to discuss things during team meetings.

Six months later when the Government has the virus outbreak under much more control, Government advice changes, allowing people to return to offices, provided they implement a range of additional control measures to limit virus transmission. The Managing Director calls the Facilities Manager, the Human Resources Manager and you to a meeting to plan for a possible return to the office. Before the meeting, the Managing Director asks you and the Facilities Manager to carry out a specific virus risk assessment, with input from worker representatives. To help develop workable measures, you also visit an organisation that is at a more advanced stage of implementing virus management measures. You also research the latest government advice on making workplaces, like yours, secure against the virus.

At the meeting, you and the Facilities Manager present the findings of your risk assessment, site visit and research. You decide that the significant findings of the risk assessment will be shared with all workers through team meetings before the office return and a copy of the signed risk assessment will be placed on all health and safety noticeboards in the office. The organisation will extend the cleaning company contract to include more frequent and extensive cleaning of the office. An e-mail, including a detailed step-by-step approach to thoroughly washing hands and other hygiene procedures, will be sent to all workers. This will be supplemented by posters which will be in all washrooms. New hand sanitising procedures will be written and relayed during remote computer team meetings and made available for reference on the company intranet. You will develop work instructions on social distancing measures. You will write a procedure for wearing personal protective equipment at work, especially when working in enclosed rooms. You will post additional social distancing measures to manage transmission risk on the company intranet.

The Human Resources Manager will also update the first-aid policy, fire evacuation arrangements and other emergency procedures. You indicate that reporting requirements for any virus-related ill health cases to the Government authorities will need to be introduced and communicated to those implementing them. You and the Facilities Manager volunteer to carry out a detailed analysis, and corresponding update, of the health and safety management system.

All those at the meeting agree that the implementation of all these modified procedures, based on the risk assessment, will need acknowledgement, understanding and application by all workers. There will be an emphasis on training, with associated presentations devised and workshops held. There will be an expectation that supervisors and managers effectively implement and actively monitor the new arrangements through scheduled behavioural safety observations and safety tours. The Human Resources Manager naturally links this with an updated disciplinary procedure. You respond to this by suggesting that the significant changes at the organisation will require time for workers to adapt. There will need to be an acceptance that the new way of working will take some time to change behaviour and therefore become embedded in the culture. This applies especially to young workers (who may be far less directly affected by the virus). You also mention the need for revised policies for visitors and control of contractors. The Managing Director suggests that you and the Facilities Manager update these policies before the next meeting.

The organisation is facing greatly reduced income caused by the impact of the pandemic on the economy. The planned virus control measures will involve significant additional cost (initial and ongoing) to the organisation if they are to be fully implemented. The Managing Director is therefore exploring areas where savings can be made. It is almost time to renew the occupational health and safety management system certification and, although the organisation is rightly proud of it, the Managing Director sees discontinuing certification as one way to make a saving. The largest external cost is the frequent audits conducted by a third party. You agree with the Managing Director that there are costs with certification but argue that, if done properly, these are outweighed by many benefits including reducing overall cost across the business.

The Managing Director thinks that external audits are unnecessary and add little value because the organisation already conducts regular workplace inspections. They also question why external parties are used when their own workers could carry out audits to lower cost. You advise them that audits differ considerably from inspections. You highlight this by telling them that you could audit your workplace inspection processes, but you would not inspect your audit processes! You also comment that using internal auditors may appear to save the organisation some money, but they are not always the best people to use.

Task 1: Managing risks for those working from home

1 Comment on the organisation’s approach to managing risks to those working from home. (10)

Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario.

Task 2: Communicating health and safety

2 Effective communication is essential to positively influence health and safety culture.

Based on the scenario only, give examples of how communication is used effectively by the organisation.(10)

Task 3: Benefits of certification to an ISO occupational health and safety management system standard to the organisation

3 What arguments could you use to help the Managing Director understand the benefits to the organisation of maintaining occupational health and safety management system certification? (20)

Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario.

Task 4: Applying further control measures

4 Based on the scenario only, what administrative measures are the organisation planning to take that would limit the spread of the virus and keep workers safe and healthy? (20)

Task 5: Influencing behaviour to improve performance

5 When workers eventually return to working in the office, with the new control measures in place, they will need to adopt new behaviours.

You think that the organisation will be effective in positively influencing this behaviour change. Justify why you believe this, using examples from the scenario only to support your justification. (15)

Task 6: Checking management system effectiveness through auditing

6 The Managing Director appears to be confused about audits, inspections and those who carry them out. Advise the Managing Director on (a) the differences between an audit and a workplace inspection. (10)

(b) the benefits of using third party auditors, rather than internal workers, for carrying out health and safety audits of the management system. (5)

Task 7: Identifying data used to monitor health and safety performance

7 The organisation needs to determine the effectiveness of its health and safety performance.

Based on the activities (actual or planned) in the scenario, what could you collect and use as health and safety performance indicators in the organisation? (10)

End of examination

Now follow the instructions on submitting your answers.

NEBOSH IGc 1 question paper model : September 2020

scenario

A young lady worked at a paper mill after her first year of college. Learning the ropes at the mill also meant learning all the shortcuts. Before she went to work, she had to have her hearing and sight tested to ensure that she could properly hear and see warning signals. Next, she completed a week of classroom-based training that consisted of videos, written information, and discussion. She then moved into the mill,

One day, she decided to take a shortcut through the mill – just as so many before her, including guests and other workers. The shortcut was to step over a conveyor belt that runs through the whole building.

Placing her foot at the wrong place at the wrong time, it was pulled into the conveyor. Her left foot entered a hole not much larger than a quarter. She screamed, there was no emergency stop on the system, but even though another worker was able to stop the belt, saved her life. Maintenance crews were called to take the system apart. It took them 25 minutes. She was awake the entire time.

She was rushed to a hospital nearby, and then to another hospital more experienced with trauma cases. They amputated her foot from the knee down. She overcame the injury, even though she and her family suffered a lot to recover,

Following the accident, there was an investigation and as a newly joined safety professional, you are appointed as a leading investigator. You are going to start the investigation as per the instructions from the general manager to show their commitment.

 

During the discussion with the GM, you try to convey that Careful safety training and oversight would have made this accident entirely preventable but they were not ready to accept and argue that workers are competent and show the completed training reports also. You advised the GM to review the induction program and make an awareness campaign for the workers.

You decided to talk informally with some of the workers. They described previous near misses and minor accidents happened in the workplaces due to the improper site layout arrangements. The workers said that they would not report these because they were afraid of being blamed. Also, no one listened to them or took any action. They also told you that there is no formal health and safety discussion between workers and managers and the implemented controls are not up to the mark and have no proper emergency procedure.

After the discussion with the GM, you decided to conduct a meeting with all department managers. You also advised to conduct an appropriate Risk assessment in that location and rearrange the workplace layout accordingly.

Task 1: Why accident need to be investigated. After discussion with the GM you have to give a speech to the department managers in a meeting. the purpose of speech was to collect the information from the workers by making them aware about the importance of investigation Prepare a note to show the importance of investigation that you are going to use in the speech Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 2: Consequence of accident The young person had face lot of consequences after an accident. During the discussion with the GM you highlighted the consequences of accident and GM also agreed with your arguments Explain in details what are the consequences have to be faced following an accident. Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 3: Review of health and safety policy. Following an accident you are advised to review the health and safety policy of the organization Explain in details what information need to consider when reviewing the health and safety policy Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 4: Safety behavior based on the scenario only, comment how can improve the safety behavior of the workers in the organization Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 5: Factors to be consider when conducting an induction training In the meeting with department mangers a decision has been taken that need to review the existing induction training plan and update it immediately. What are the factors you should consider when reviewing and updating the existing induction training plan Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 6: Purpose of training emergency procedure When discussing with workers came to know that the injury made worse due to the delay in timely recovery from the accident seen. It was mainly due to the improper training for workers on emergency procedures. Based on the scenario only, comment on what is the purpose of effective training of workers on emergency procedure Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 7: Benefits of maintaining certification You advised the GM to convince directors to implement a management system in the organisation that can avoid all kind of workplace accident and related legal issues in the future. Explain what point you will use to show the importance of maintaining international certification within the organization. Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 8: Improving cooperation with workers and management In the meeting decision has been taken that , need to promote worker participation and involvement in health and safety, what formal arrangements could you plan, that are likely to help improve worker involvement and participation Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (10) *

Task 9: Effective risk assessment procedures The General Manager tries to reassure in the meeting that the company has an adequate Risk Assessment procedures and the workplace conditions are properly arranged .Based on the scenario only, comment on how effectively the Risk assessment can be done Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (6) *

Task 10: Vulnerable person Based on the scenario only, comment on What make young person more vulnerable in the workplaces Note: You should support your answer, where applicable, using relevant information from the scenario. (4) *

NEBOSH ig 1 question paper model-1

 

1.a)What are activities requires P.T.W and give reason(6)what are the reasons for ineffective PTW(6). Give the reason why workers should be involved in s.s.w(4).Why S.S.W should be written form(4)

2) What are the consequences, if an organisation is not complying with Health and safety Legislation(4)What are the Health and safety responsibilities of employee(4)

3) Give the ways in which the organisation shall encourage their employees to behave in a positive manner(8)

4)What are societal reasons for maintaining the  Health and safety(4) give the purpose of the employers Liability Insurance(4).

5)What are the purpose of Health and Safety Policy(3)Who should sign Health and safety policy and why(3).what shall be set as Health and safety performance target(2)

6)Give the immediate and Long Term actions to be taken, when there is an accident in the workplace(8).

7)What are the things that disturbs the perception of the people in workplace(8)

8)Give the reasons that discourage the people from reporting an incident(4)outline the advantages of checklist

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NEBOSH question paper Model-2

 

1)Why an Organisation should have an emergency procedure(5)What are the types of emergency that requires for safe evacuation of people from work place(3) How the Organisation will test the extinguisher of the emergency procedure(2). What are the qualifications and factors when selecting a person for First aid(5) Why First aid is important(3). What are the important elements of First aid(2).

2)Give the reason why verbal communication may not reach the people(4).Give What information should be displayed in Health and safety notice boards(4).

3)What are the responsibilities of worker in health and safety(5)What are the rights of the worker(3)

4)Give the Social reason for monitoring the Health and safety in the work place(8)

5)Why an organisation should set health and safety performance target(3)What are the contents of Health and safety arrangement section(5)

6)Give the indicates used to assess health and safety negative safety culture(8).

7)Give the reason for reporting an incident(3).Why an accident should be investigated(5)

8)Give the difference between active and reactive monitoring(3)What are the advantages of checklist(2)Disadvantages of internal audit(3)

9)What are the criteria for suitable and sufficient Risk Assessment(8).

10)Draw and explain the Health and safety signs(8)

11)Give the Factors to be considered while developing the safe system of work(5).Give the Powers of enforcement agency(3)