There are numerous career options for safety engineering professionals, whose goal is to protect workers, the general public, and the environment from damage and infection. Safety engineering requires understanding of new information and innovative technologies, adapting programs and policies, and implementing procedures and products to meet the social and industrial requirements of changing business environments.
Here are some examples of safety engineering careers.
Occupational Health and Safety
Occupational health and safety engineers help prevent damage to workers, property, the environment, and the general public. For example, they might plan safe work spaces, inspect machines, or exam air quality. In addition to making workers safer, safety engineers aim to increase worker productivity by reducing absence and equipment downtime, and to save money by lowering insurance premiums and workers’ compensation payments, and preventing government fines. Some specialists and technicians work for government activities, conducting safety inspections and imposing fines where necessary.
Offshore safety engineers help to decrease the risks from major accident dangers to the health and safety of the workforce employed on offshore installations, and in connected activities
Industrial safety engineers are most worried with the way in which a production process is carried out, with a heavy focus on the safety of people and machines during manufacturing. This type of industrial engineering involves the development and monitoring of safe production systems and the assessment and correction of risky work situations, such as dangerous exposures and employee accidents. An industrial safety engineer plans policies to control work flow safely, creates and communicates these plans to others, and assesses the success of these organizational goals.
Product safety engineers often work in industrial environments to ensure new product designs do not create unnecessary dangers. Their main concerns are to develop and conduct tests to evaluate product safety levels and recommend measures to reduce or eliminate dangers, conduct research to evaluate safety levels for products, and estimate potential health hazards or damage that could occur from product misuse. They may also investigate causes of accidents, injuries, or illnesses related to product usage to develop solutions to minimize or prevent reappearance in the future.
Failure analysis and precaution are important functions to all of the engineering disciplines. The materials engineer often plays a main role in the analysis of a component or product that fails in service, in manufacturing, or during production processing. In any case, one must determine the cause of failure to prevent future incidence, and/or to improve the performance of the device, component, or structure. They also provide technical analysis, investigative study and development, and assistance in making the right material choices, particularly where the environment may be a consideration.
Other associated disciplines include: homeland security and safety engineering, dam safety engineering, mining safety engineering, fire and safety engineering, environmental health and safety engineering, safety and chemical engineering, and collision safety engineering.